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Ojibwe grandmother thanks her father, elders who helped her reconnect with culture after residential school

CBC ABORIGINAL NEWS - November 11, 2019 - 4:00am
Gerry Shingoose with daughter Billy Jo-Shingoose

An Ojibwe grandmother from Manitoba recalls ancestral teachings that were lost in residential school, which she then reclaimed thanks to time spent with her father and elders.

Categories: CANADA

Are elders being replaced by screens? A letter to my grandchildren

CBC ABORIGINAL NEWS - November 11, 2019 - 4:00am
Joachim Bonnetrouge

Joachim Bonnetrouge speaks about how life has become more complex with technology advancing, impacting the relationship between Dene youth and elders.

Categories: CANADA

New generation of Indigenous elders 'coming out of the dream of colonization'

CBC ABORIGINAL NEWS - November 11, 2019 - 4:00am
Tala Tootoosis

A new generation of Indigenous elders is taking on the responsibility of learning traditions and ceremony and taking leadership roles in their communities as elders pass away. They're also bringing their own take on what it means to be an elder.

Categories: CANADA

Court to rehear law on adoptions of Native American children

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

NEW ORLEANS (AP) – A federal appeals court announced Nov. 7 that it will take a second look at an emotionally fraught lawsuit governing the adoption of Native American children.

In August, a three-judge panel of the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978. It was a defeat for non-Indian families in multiple states who had adopted or sought to adopt American Indian children.

On Nov. 7, the New Orleans-based court said a majority of its active judges have voted to re-hear the case. It means Native American tribes and the federal government will again have to defend the law, which they say is critical to protect and preserve Native American culture and families.

A hearing date has not been set.

The lead plaintiffs in the lawsuit challenging the law are Chad and Jennifer Brackeen, a Texas couple who fostered a baby eligible for citizenship in both the Navajo and Cherokee tribes. The boy’s parents voluntarily terminated their parental rights and the Brackeens petitioned to adopt him. After legal battles, they were able to keep him when placement with a Navajo family fell through. They hope to adopt his younger half-sister, according to briefs.

Other plaintiffs include Jason and Danielle Clifford of Minnesota, who were unable to adopt a child who lived with them after having been shuttled among foster homes. “The Cliffords’ family has literally torn apart,” their attorney told the appeals court judges during arguments in March.

Texas, Indiana, and Louisiana have also joined the lawsuit, siding with the would-be adoptive families.

Defendants include the federal government and numerous intervening Native American organizations and tribes who back the law. They say that without it, many Native American children will be lost to their families and tribes.

“Tribal nations are still reeling from generations of our families being separated,” Tyson Johnston, vice president of the Quinault Indian Nation said in March after a 5th Circuit hearing. “So, even though we’ve had a good policy like the Indian Child Welfare Act, it’s going to take us many more generations to rectify those past wrongs.”

Opponents of the law called it an unconstitutional race-based intrusion on states’ powers to govern adoptions. But two members of the three-judge panel that ruled this year disagreed.

The opinion written by Judge James L. Dennis said the law’s definition of an “Indian child” is a political classification. It said the definition is broad, “extending to children without Indian blood, such as the descendants of former slaves of tribes who became members after they were freed, or the descendants of adopted white persons,” Dennis wrote.


CN Unveils Preliminary Renderings of Cherokee Nation Veterans Cemetery

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

TAHLEQUAH, Okla. — Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Chuck Hoskin Jr. announced Friday that the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs has cleared the first phase of a Cherokee Nation Veterans Cemetery. Chief Hoskin made the announcement during the tribe’s annual Veterans Day Celebration in Tahlequah.

“It is my belief that not only do we need to honor and take care of our veterans while they are living, but we must also commit to caring for them when they are laid to rest. That is why I am honored to announce this new national veterans cemetery, which will be the solemn ground where our veterans can be laid to rest,” Chief Hoskin said. “Thanks to the support of the Council of the Cherokee Nation and an initiative that began under the leadership of my predecessors, former Principal Chief Bill John Baker and former Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden, who is also our new Secretary of Veterans Affairs, we are able to take another step in honoring our veterans who have sacrificed so much for their country and the Cherokee Nation.”

Under the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, there is only one other national cemetery in the state of Oklahoma operated by a tribe.

“While there is still a lot of work the Cherokee Nation Veterans Center must do, including creating a process that will be used to take applications for this new veterans cemetery, it’s a blessing to know we have received initial approval from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs to move forward,” said Secretary Crittenden. “The Cherokee Nation has always held our veterans in high regard and I believe this is one more way to honor them.”

Work on the cemetery is expected to begin in 2020 after the tribe has chosen a location and conducted an environmental assessment to ensure the site is suited to be used as a national cemetery.

The Cherokee Nation Veterans Cemetery would have the look and feel of other national cemeteries, such as those in Fort Gibson and Arlington.

“I can’t think of a better way to be interred,” Army veteran David Hall said. “This would be a central location for tribal members who are veterans. Without this cemetery, you would have Native veterans that are buried at other cemeteries, whereas the Cherokee Nation Veterans Cemetery would be a central location, which would be best.”

Chief Hoskin and Deputy Chief Warner unveiled preliminary renderings of the new cemetery during Friday’s event. Afterward, the tribe provided a meal for veterans. The ceremony also included a wreath-laying and musical performances.


Distinguished Awards Presented at SevenStar Gala

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

The annual event recognizes contributions to Cherokee culture

TAHLEQUAH, Okla. — The Cherokee Heritage Center recently hosted its annual SevenStar Gala on Nov. 2 inside the Chota Conference Center at Cherokee Casino Tahlequah.

The event recognizes those who promote the Cherokee National Historical Society’s mission to preserve, promote and teach Cherokee history and culture. It also serves as the primary fundraiser for the Cherokee Heritage Center.

“We are the premier cultural center for Cherokee history, culture, and the arts. We’re also a nonprofit, and the truth is we couldn’t exist with the generosity of our loyal supporters and passionate advocates,” said Dr. Charles Gourd, executive director for CHC. “The award recipients recognized this evening each plays a vital role in not only the success of our organization but also serve as exemplary representatives for the Cherokee people.”

Four prestigious awards were given throughout the night, including the Contemporary Achievement Award, Tradition Bearer Award, Warrior Award, and Stalwart Award.

Victoria Vazquez received this year’s Contemporary Achievement Award. The award recognizes a Cherokee who is accomplished in a chosen field, has brought honor to the Cherokee people and serves as an inspiration for others.

Vazquez is currently the Deputy Speaker for the Council of the Cherokee Nation and has served as the tribal councilor for District 11 since 2013. As an apprentice under her late mother, Anna Sixkiller Mitchell, Vazquez learned the art of traditional handmade Southeastern pottery. The two would go on to become the first mother-daughter duo to be named Cherokee National Treasures for pottery making.

Another Cherokee National Treasure, Dorothy Dreadfulwater Ice, was honored with the Tradition Bearer Award for achievements in preserving Cherokee traditions through crafts, history and/or storytelling.

Ice was named a National Treasure in 1991 for her talents in loom weaving, though she also is known for her efforts teaching the Cherokee language. Her work can be found locally at the Cherokee Heritage Center and on the national scene at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History.

The Warrior Award recognizes a Cherokee citizen who has served in one of the United States’ uniformed services. This year’s honor went to former Deputy Principal Chief and U.S. Navy veteran S. Joe Crittenden.

During his eight years as Deputy Principal Chief, he played a crucial role in the opening of the Cherokee Nation Veterans Center, oversaw numerous Cherokee Warrior Flights and worked closely with federal agencies to ensure Cherokee veterans were getting quality health care, housing, and services. Crittenden’s advocacy for Cherokee veterans continues in his new role as Cherokee Nation’s first Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

Cherokee Nation Businesses was recognized with the Stalwart Award for significant contributions to the heritage center’s success. Cherokee Nation Businesses Executive Chairman and former Principal Chief Bill John Baker accepted the award on behalf of the company.

As the tribally owned holding company of Cherokee Nation, the largest Indian Nation in the United States, CNB blends its heritage of ingenuity with modern business experience to solve complex challenges, to serve clients nationwide and to remain one of the drivers of Cherokee Nation’s prosperity and stability. As such, it provides a direct dividend of 37 percent of its profits to the tribe for services such as housing, health care, education, and social services. The remaining 63 percent is reinvested into growing jobs, wages, business development and special projects, such as the construction of new health care facilities.

The company serves an important role in preserving, promoting and supporting Cherokee culture and art, and has been a longtime supporter of the Cherokee Heritage Center.

Throughout the evening, guests participated in a vibrant silent auction featuring authentic Native art. In addition, Cherokee artists Keli Gonzales, Kenny Glass, and Cherokee National Treasure Mike Dart each demonstrated live art during the event. Upon completion, each item was auctioned to the audience by Cherokee Nation Tribal Councilor Keith Austin to raise additional funds for the organization.

The SevenStar Gala had a number of prominent sponsors, including Cherokee Nation Businesses and Chickasaw Nation.

The Cherokee Heritage Center is the premier cultural center for Cherokee tribal history, culture, and the arts. It is located at 21192 S. Keeler Drive, Park Hill, Oklahoma.


Graham Roland Finds Success on TV & Silver Screen

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

ADA, Okla. — Graham Roland returned to the Chickasaw Nation – his childhood summer home, where his Chickasaw roots remained – to share his story and spread a message during the Imanoli Creative Writers Conference in Ada.

Roland is a successful screenwriter, producer, and Iraq War veteran who served in the United States Marine Corps.

His work has materialized in both television and cinema with shows like “Lost” and “Tom Clancy’s Jack Ryan,” and movies like “Mile 22.”

Roland’s message to Chickasaw writers, especially young ones, was this: “Embrace your story, whatever that story is. It is interesting. It is what makes you, you. It doesn’t matter where you’re born. You’re just as talented and probably have more to say than most,” Roland said.

“There’s such a unique experience people are having here, and I think that’s where great art comes from, communities like this. Having stories inside you with life experience is invaluable. You already have that. Use it. Write about what you know, sing about what you know, paint about what you know, start there.”

He speaks from experience. Drawing from his own life’s story, he said, played a large role in landing his first Hollywood writing gig on “Lost.”

“I went into the Marines to, among other things, pay for college, get stories, meet interesting people, grow up,” Roland said. “All of those things happened. I wrote a screenplay I could not have written had I not gone to Iraq. It was the texture.”

After his time in the military, holding onto his enjoyment of storytelling, Roland set himself down the path to making a living with his writing. He said making the purposeful decision to do so was like flipping a switch. It transformed him into a professional, rather than someone who just enjoyed writing.

“I was a nobody, a complete unknown. And to be plucked out of that and put on ‘Lost’ was mind-blowing,” Roland recalled. “The reason it happened was, out of all the pile of scripts they read trying to fill this one position in the writers’ room, mine stood out because I had lived it.”

He lends no credit to the idea his success is owed to being the best writer in the room. Instead, he believes his work stood out because it had the ring of truth. Not a magical piece of jewelry, but an echo of a life lived. He was looking back to his own experiences instead of trying to run from them, which gave him an extra edge, Roland said.

Writing what he knows

A large chunk of Roland’s filmography has tapped into his military experience – a sign he practices what he preaches in regard to good writing.

Considering future endeavors, he is looking to draw from an entirely different part of his background while maybe breaking a few Hollywood tropes along the way.

He recalled the first time he saw Native American representation in a movie where they were the good guys. It was the 1970 film “Little Big Man,” starring Dustin Hoffman. The movie “Dances with Wolves” is similar, but both suffer from what Roland explained is the same trope of a non-Native who comes in contact with a Native community, exploring what then happens.

“I’ve wanted to tell a Native American story for a long time,” Roland said. “I look forward and hope I’m able to tell a story that celebrates a Native American community without the white character coming into the story. Just having everyone, all of the heroes, be Native American. It’s always been on my mind.”

He might have the chance if all goes well.

“This year I’ve been working with HBO to do a show about Native Americans. I don’t know if they’ll make it, but they’re interested enough to have me write a script,” he explained.

Chickasaw roots in Oklahoma soil

Roland was born and grew up in Ardmore, Oklahoma. He left with his mother to move to California when he was 8 but continued to spend summers back in Oklahoma with his father.

“I’ve always been tied to Oklahoma. The Oklahoma I remember is summertime, catching fireflies at night,” Roland said. “I think of tornadoes. I think of catfish. I think of the people. And I think of green. Where I’m at now everything is so brown.”

His Chickasaw ties were passed down from his great-grandmother through his grandmother and mother.

His great-grandmother, Caroline Milligan, who was full-blood Chickasaw and lived to be 107, would host big reunions, bring everybody in and cook a big pot of pashofa. He said he goes out of his way to eat pashofa when he visits Oklahoma.

His grandmother, Geneva Ducote, lives in Madill, Oklahoma, and used to work with Chickasaw children in the foster care program. She is a big part of what brings Roland back to Oklahoma as an adult.

“My dad passed recently. He was Choctaw,” Roland explained. “It just made me, in general, want to, you know… I didn’t want to lose connection. Geneva just turned 90 in May. She’s in good health. I’m trying to get those traditions and stories from her, learn what she went through and what her childhood was like. That became important to me.”

Family is one way Roland stays Chickasaw-connected. Another is giving back.

“I had benefited from the Chickasaw Nation. They gave me assistance for studies. If I got sick or got hurt, I’d go to the medical center. They took care of me, so I want to give something back,” Roland said.

Sharing his insight during the Imanoli Creative Writers Conference was one way he was able to give back. Summed up, his writing advice included: 1) Always learn, be an eternal student; 2) write every day; 3) build community, don’t be an island; 4) follow your passion, write about what you know; and 5) persevere, keep at it.

“If you want to do something, you have a great resource here in the Chickasaw Nation,” Roland said. “All Native Americans, Chickasaws included, have such a rich history in storytelling. There’s a lot of really creative talent in this community. They just need something to set them down the right path.”


Tips for Starting a Small Business

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

If you’re about to start a small business, chances are you’ll have a lot of work ahead of you. However, with a bit of advice, you could find yourself prepared for any obstacles that you come up against. Read the tips below so you have a better idea of how you can set up your business so it’s up and running in no time:

Get Rid of Those Excuses

A lot of people seriously consider setting up a small business but they can fund they have a lot of excuses as to why they can’t achieve this. The most common excuses relate to money and the lack of time. However, these reasons should not put you off as many business owners have the same concerns.

Listen to Any Advice You’re Given

Some people might give you advice about setting up your own business. Listen to any advice you’re given as it could prove to be beneficial. Do people like the idea of your small business or do they think the direction you’re going in is wrong? Ask those you speak to about your new business, to be honest. It’s also important that you pay particular attention to anyone who is a business owner or an expert as it could prove invaluable.

Get the Documents you Need

When you’re setting up your small business you will need to make sure you get all the documents you need. Ensure you have the right business insurance, any legal documents that you’ll need to show any prospective lenders. If you need a license to trade then you should apply for it as soon as you can.

Try to Keep Things Simple

Chances are you are ready to run with your business idea. However, it’s important that you do not make things too complicated. If you do, you could end up having an end product that no-one wants to use or purchase. Create something that is as simple as it can be so it gives potential customers what they are looking for.

Consider the Costs

As soon as your business is up and running you will need to work out how much everything costs. You will need to consider every single thing including your rent, marketing, and your supplies. Once you’ve added all the costs together you will need to multiply it by two or three. This is because you will find that your costs will be more than you have accounted for. Don’t forget to account for your living costs as you’ll need to pay for gas, healthcare, food, and clothes.

If you’re about to start a small business you’ll need to do a lot of work. The good news is that if you know what to expect and you prepare yourself you could find your business is more likely to be successful. Please note, it can take a year or two before you break even but with a bit of work your new small business can be everything you wanted.


Navajo Nation Honors the Life of Navajo Police Sergeant Lamar Martin

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

REHOBOTH, N.M. — Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez offered condolences and presented the Navajo Nation flag to the family of fallen Navajo Police Sgt. Lamar Martin during a funeral service held on Friday at Rehoboth Christian School in Rehoboth, N.M. Sgt. Martin passed away on Nov. 4 due to a medical event that occurred last month while he was on duty. 

His wife, Rosinda Martin, their five children, and other family members were seated front row as President Nez, Council Delegate Edmund Yazzie, Council Delegate Mark Freeland, Division of Public Safety Executive Director Jesse Delmar, Police Chief Phillip Francisco, and friends and colleagues of Sgt. Martin paid tribute to the fallen officer and shared many personal stories and memories of their loved one.

His family members described Sgt. Martin as a great family man who loved his wife and children immensely. He enjoyed outdoor activities like camping, hunting, and hauling wood and also enjoyed reading books and comic books.

Prior to presenting Sgt. Martin’s wife with the Navajo Nation flag, President Nez spoke about the many great achievements and contributions of Sgt. Martin as a Navajo Police Officer, Marine Corps, and National Guard veteran, and as a person with great integrity and humility. Council Delegate Edmund Yazzie also presented the family with two bibles, one in the Navajo language and one in the English language.

“Our prayers are with Sgt. Martin’s family, his friends, and with all of our Navajo Police force as we honor his life and give thanks for all of the good memories that he brought to our lives. He was a protector of our people and our communities. I’m certain that he saved many lives during his time with us. He will be remembered in our hearts and minds forever,” said President Nez.

Several of Sgt. Martin’s fellow officers also spoke at his service, many of whom recalled him as a mentor and leader who did not hesitate to offer his expertise and teachings in a humble and respectful manner.

Sgt. Martin served with the Crownpoint Police District at the time of his passing. He served with the Navajo Police Department for 22 years. He was also honored and awarded U.S. Marine Corps and New Mexico Army National Guard veteran, who served in Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2004 and 2009.

He served as a Defensive Tactics Instructor, a General Instructor and a Field Training Officer, a member of the Strategic Reaction Team and was a consummate professional conducting his duties in the service of our Navajo people with the Navajo Police Department.

Sgt. Martin received a full military funeral service coordinated by the New Mexico National Guard in partnership with the Navajo Police Department. Stg. Martin was laid to rest at the Gallup State Veterans Cemetery.


Construction in Indian Country Reconizes 2019 Outstanding Achievement Awards

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

TEMPE, Ariz. — Recipients of the 2019 Outstanding Achievement Awards for individuals, companies, and construction projects in Indian Country that substantially contributed to the enhancement of Tribal communities, will be recognized at the Construction in Indian Country’s (CIIC) Achievement Awards Gala on November 7, at Harrah’s Ak-Chin Casino Events Center.

CIIC and the 2019 National Conference are privileged to be a platform for recognizing “quality design and construction in the built environment” and appreciates all those who submitted nominations. The award categories include Community Enrichment; Design and Planning; Construction; and Lasting Impact:

Outstanding Community Enrichment Award, Souers Construction, Inc., Leon Shirley Architects & Navajo Housing Authority, “The Kayenta AZ12-050 Housing Project”

Souers Construction, Inc., Leon Shirley Architects and Navajo Housing Authority’s Kayenta AZ12-050 Project was selected for enriching the Kayenta Township community through the collaboration in the design and construction process. The homes were fitted to homeowner and tenant needs by integrating Diné (Navajo) culture, family-oriented design, accommodating the Diné love of agriculture and strengthening the relationship to the earth.

The Native Owned firms hired over 100 employees and provided training in certifiable safety classes. Employees were offered opportunities for continued education through personal growth, on-site training, safety, and heavy equipment training and promotion opportunities.

Outstanding Design and Planning Award, Seven Generations Architecture + Engineering, “Gateway to the North”

The ‘Gateway to the North’ masterplan and conceptual design was selected for excellence in land development planning that exudes innovation, exceptional engineering, modernization, or sustainable construction design. The design intent was for a destination with venues for visitors, hikers & bikers, Casino seekers, Culture and Craft connoisseurs and more.

The 156 acres and heavily wooded property was coined as “A Beautiful Place Beneath the Trees” and was planned and positioned for potential development along several market sectors to support local tribally-owned economic development, vacation goers, and reflect the tribal heritage of the Little River Band of Ottawa Indian people.

Outstanding Construction Award, Harrah’s Ak-Chin Hotel & Casino, “Harrah’s Ak-Chin Hotel & Casino Expansion Project”

The Harrah’s Ak-Chin Hotel and Casino Expansion project were selected for enhancing the local community through innovative and artistic construction. Completed in December of 2018, the expansion was a monumental project for the Ak-Chin Indian Community, as it serves to preserve symbolic tribal heritage, strengthen sovereignty and provide the rising generation with greater opportunities for employment and education.

The expansion includes the addition of an 11-story concrete hotel tower, a luxurious spa, 20,460 SF of new gaming space, several food and beverage venues, a new multi-purpose event/banquet center, a 750-car parking garage, and a new bingo hall.

Lasting Impact Legacy Award, Peterson Zah

Peterson Zah, Former Navajo President and Chairman of the Navajo Nation was selected for the lasting positive impact he’s made in tribal communities. He was central to increased Native American enrollment and retention and in creating the Native American Achievement Program which provides students scholarships, mentoring and advising.

Zah is a co-founder of the CIIC National Conference in response to how Indian gaming was driving construction in the Native American communities. He promoted the use of local labor and resources into the construction process and conflict resolution between tribal and non-tribal entities.

Zah served ASU as Special Advisor to the President on American Indian Affairs and a CIIC Industry Advisory Council member; a committee of individuals from Arizona and New Mexico Indian tribes partnered with the Del E. Webb School of Construction.


Native children will be seen in ‘Fry Bread’

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

‘Fry Bread’ is the top-seller on Amazon’s children's Native American Books list

When Kevin Maillard, Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, became a parent, he looked around the children’s book landscape and noticed there were very few written about Native people today.

What he usually found in bookstores or online were stories set, “like 300 years ago.”

“Everything I have seen was Thanksgiving or Pochahontas or Sacagawea,” Maillard said. “Nothing about [Native] people that were actually alive and living today.”

In fact, he said when he first started thinking about writing a children’s book in 2012, only six out of 3,600 were by or written about Native people. So he decided to write a children’s book of his own and “Fry Bread: A Native American Family Story” was born.

The Syracuse University law professor and New York Times contributor said he had made a number of professional contacts over the course of his career that would make this book a reality. Although, it didn’t happen overnight.

When he first approached an editor at MacMillan Children’s Publishing Group, Maillard said he had a very cute but not intellectual story about two kids that made frybread with their grandma and how much they enjoy it.

“All I wanted to do was just make a book for my kids and other Indian kids so that they would see themselves represented in literature,” he said.

However, the editor told him to go back and give another shot; to be more abstract, theoretical and lyrical. So Maillard approached it like writing a poem, which worked to both of their surprises.

It would be four years before ‘Fry Bread’ would hit the market, but there was still work to be done.

Looking for someone to illustrate the book, Maillard wanted to find a person who was of Native ancestry or who had a personal connection to indigeneity. Ultimately, Peruvian artist Juana Martinez-Neal was chosen by Maillard and his editor but she was busy at the time. Maillard put the project on hold.

“I was like, ‘Okay, we can wait. This is important enough ‘cause I want this to be right, I want the art to be good,’” Maillard recalls thinking.

Both Maillard and Martinez-Neal said the collaboration between them was unique because authors don’t normally communicate with illustrators while they do the art for children’s books. One of the reasons that Martinez-Neal said is because she grew up in Lima, Peru, and she wanted to accurately portray modern Natives.

To assist, Maillard would send her information on baskets, dolls, pottery, and other things. Martinez-Neal, who has lived in Phoenix for 25 years, also drew inspiration from photos of Maillard’s family.

“I wanted the family to be today, I wanted it to be more of an urban family and not rural,” Martinez-Neal said. “Try to break those preconceived ideas of what it is when you think of Native Americans.”

A few examples include not using reddish tones on the cheeks of the adults in the book because Maillard didn’t want it to convey the use of alcohol. He also didn’t want the kids to be barefoot which “may signal poverty.”

“She was really great about the back and forth about it,” Maillard said. “She also told me that this was the hardest illustration project that she’s ever done.”

Another idea that came to Martinez-Neal early on was to have the end pages include the names of all the tribes across the United States, including state-recognized tribes and tribes who have applied for recognition. Along with Maillard, she said they wanted kids to feel recognized.

“My idea was for people finding their nations and you know, that feeling of reading your name, looking for it and finding it,” she said. “That feeling of being there, like part of it that you are seen.”

The duo has both been pleasantly surprised at how the book has been received and Maillard has already begun thinking of his next project to create positive representation for Natives in the mainstream.

“I’m so glad that children are enjoying the book and their parents can enjoy it,” Maillard said. “It’s a different way of celebrating Native culture for children.”


Get Back Pain Relief With These 4 Simple Tips

NATIVE KNOT - November 11, 2019 - 1:00am

Back pain is something that can interfere in your personal life and work. It can be uncomfortable for a person. I have even seen many people in my family who was struggling with chronic back pain. I have also heard many saying to get rid of this pain is quite hard for them. If you come under the umbrella of these people who have this pain and looking for easy remedies then no worries we talked with some experts and come up with exciting tips to overcome your back pain.

First, let’s discuss why people experience this chronic pain and what type of problems and affect they can have. Back pain can be brought on due to the sudden uncoordinated movement or because of lifting heavyweight, which can cause muscle strain and end up with discs rupture. The curvature of the spine, osteoporosis, and arthritis can all lead to back pain.

Muscle ache, stabbing pain, pain that radiates down your legs, and pain that worsens by lifting, bending, walking, or standing are the main symptoms that indicate the back pain.

Sometimes back pain can develop without any cause that a doctor can only identify with an imaging study. Below are some conditions that cause back pain, including:

Muscle Strain

If you are physically weak, then avoid lifting heavyweight objects. Sometimes any awkward movement or lifting weights can cause strain in spinal ligaments or muscles, and it ends up with continuous back pain.

Ruptured Disk

Actually disks work as cushions between the bones. When soft material in disc rupture or bulge, it causes severe back pain.


When your bones become brittle and porous, your spine’s vertebrae can develop compression fractures.


I can affect your lower back. In some cases, it can cause narrowing the space around your spinal cord.

Below are some tips for chronic back pain relief:

1.      Maintain Your Body Weight

Whenever we discuss this problem with any health expert, they used to say most people who are overweight or underweight are suffering from back pain. In order to avoid it, staying fit is the first option. Maintain a healthy weight because extra body fats stress your back and can cause chronic pain. Eating healthy foods, including vegetables and fruits, avoiding processed foods can keep one’s weight in a healthy range.

2.      Body Posture

Poor body posture is another major contribution to back pain. Make sure when you stand, you are in the right posture with head straight. Don’t bend your shoulder when you sit on a chair or sofa. When we come to body posture, make sure you stand with ears over shoulders, shoulders over hip joints, and hip joints over ankles will help you to live a pain-free and healthy life.

3.      Consider To Bring Standing Desk Chairs

Thanks to one of my friends who works for 9-10 hours in her office. It is useless to say she was suffering from back pain because it is obvious that sitting all day will bring it. She tried natural remedies but ended up with no result, and then she came to know about standing desk stools, which are also known as standing desk chairs. Standing chair is specially designed for those who have back pain to get relief from it. You can also consider this option you work in an office for six to seven hours.

4.      Lift Objects Properly

We all lift a heavy object in our daily routine. Most of the time, I have heard people complaining about their back pain after lifting the weight. Whenever you need to pick up a heavyweight object, make sure to keep the object close to your body and bend at your knees to pick it up. In this way, you’ll have fewer chances of having back pain.


Veterans Day: A Day to Celebrate the Bravery of Our Veterans

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 11, 2019 - 12:46am

Veterans always lead the Grand Entry at American Indian powwows. Native News Online photograph by Levi Rickert


Published November 11, 2019

Today is Veterans Day 2019. All across the United States,  the 18,000 million veterans who served in our country’s military are being celebrated. With pride, American Indians celebrate veterans at our powwows and other celebrations throughout the year.

Watching Native honor guards carry eagle staffs and tribal nations flags into the dance circle during grand entries at powwows is breathtaking and a powerful experience. The power of the drum, coupled with the brilliance of the eagle feathers and colorful flags still cause a tremendous moment of remembrance to their service. They represent well because they served our country well.

The rich contributions the Native American code talkers during World War II have been chronicled in recent years. The fact that their codes were never broken is witness to the power of Native language that fortunately was available to those who spoke it then. One irony of history is Native languages that helped to save democracy during World War II were, at one point, beaten out of many of that generation at Indian boarding schools. Thankfully, the language survived.

Veterans groups are prominently featured in the “Parade of Champions” in Bismarck. United Tribes News photo

Historically, American Indians have been known as warriors. It is a deep tradition that has continued to modern times. This is perhaps the reason the Pentagon reports American Indians and Alaska Natives participate in the military at a higher rate than any other racial or ethnic group in the United States.

The US Department of Defense estimates there are currently some 31,000 active duty Native service members in the US Armed Forces. Of the 18 million veterans in the United States, some 144,000 are American Indians and Alaska Natives.

Today, the Native News Online honors all warrior veterans who bravely served in the US Armed Forces and says “megwetch” (thank you) for all you did for this country.


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Veterans Day 2019: Informaton & Facts

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 11, 2019 - 12:03am

American Indian veterans from Great Lakes served as color guard at National Congress of American Indians opening ceremony in Milwaukee in October 2917. Native News Online photo by Levi Rickert

Veterans Day 2019: November 11, 2019

Published November 11, 2019

WASHINGTON — In preparation of Veterans Day, the U.S. Census Bureau released the following information and statistics about those who have served in the United States armed forces:

Veterans Day originated as “Armistice Day” on Nov. 11, 1919, the first anniversary marking the end of World War I. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 for an annual observance, and Nov. 11 became a national holiday beginning in 1938. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed legislation in 1954 to change the name to Veterans Day as a way to honor those who served in all American wars. The day honors military veterans with parades and speeches across the nation and a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. The ceremony honors and thanks all who served in the U.S. armed forces.

Veteran Population Did You Know?

18.0 million

The number of military veterans in the United States in 2018.


 2018 American Community Survey  

1.7 million

The number of female veterans in the United States in 2018.


 2018 American Community Survey  


The percentage of veterans in 2018 who were black. Additionally, 76.7 percent were non-Hispanic white, 1.7 percent were Asian, 0.8 % were American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2 % were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 1.4 % were some other race. (The numbers for blacks, non-Hispanic whites, Asians, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, and some other race cover only those reporting a single race.)


 2018 American Community Survey  


The percentage of veterans in 2018 who were Hispanic.

Source: 2018 American Community Survey  


The percentage of veterans age 65 and older in 2018. At the other end of the age spectrum, 9.1% were younger than age 35.


 2018 American Community Survey   More on Veterans

See a detailed profile on the Veteran population from the 2018 American Community Survey. Statistics include:

  • When They Served
  • Demographics – Sex, Age, Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin
  • Median Income
  • Educational Attainment
  • Employment Status
  • Poverty Status
  • Disability Status


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Advisory Council on Historic Preservation Releases Early Coordination with Indian Tribes Handbook

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 11, 2019 - 12:00am
November is Native American Heritage Month

Published November 10, 2019

WASHINGTON — As the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) commemorates National Native American Heritage Month, Chairman Aimee Jorjani today announced the release of Early Coordination with Indian Tribes during Pre-application Process: A Handbookto offer guidance on how federal agencies, industry, and Indian tribes can work collaboratively and effectively prior to the submission of applications that will need to go through the Section 106 process of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA).

“The ACHP wants to see the best outcomes for Section 106 cases. Involving Indian tribes early on in the Section 106 process provides all parties with the greatest opportunity to have their voices heard and incorporated into an undertaking’s plans,” Chairman Jorjani said. “The guidance provided through the handbook and the companion eLearning course can assist federal agencies, industry, and Indian tribes in creating a more collaborative environment and ultimately expediting projects.”

The document, posted on the ACHP website, provides background information on the Section 106 process for applicant-driven projects and then offers suggestions, using examples of best practices from an Indian tribe, an energy company, and a state transportation agency.

Concurrent with the development of the handbook, an online on-demand eLearning course, Early Coordination with Indian Tribes for Infrastructure Projects was launched in July 2019. The course can be found at https://www.achp.gov/training/elearning.

Section 106 of the NHPA is invoked whenever a federal undertaking poses the potential to effect a property listed on, or eligible for listing on, the National Register of Historic Places maintained by the National Park Service. Under the NHPA, if the potential for adverse effects exists, federal agencies must consider how to avoid, minimize, or mitigate the impact on historic properties in consultation with key parties, including Indian tribes.

Federally recognized Indian tribes—including Alaska Native Villages, Regional Corporations, or Village Corporations—have a right to participate in the Section 106 process in a manner that recognizes their expertise in the identification and evaluation of historic properties of religious and cultural significance to them. The process is often more effective if historic preservation in general and tribal involvement in particular are included early in project planning, even before federal agencies initiate the Section 106 review process.

The handbook and course support the Administration’s directive to complete environmental reviews within two years and stresses that better coordination early on makes the review process smoother in an effort to ensure historic preservation is considered during the pre-application process.

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Cheyenne River Youth Project Breaks Attendance Record for Harvest Festival, Continues to Build Upon Native Food Sovereignty Initiatives

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 11, 2019 - 12:00am

Youth Programs Assistant Anthony Potter works with one of CRYP’s Native Food Sovereignty interns in the Cokata Wiconi (Center of Life) kitchen.

Published Novembe 11, 2019

EAGLE BUTTE, S.D. — More than 230 people attended the Cheyenne River Youth Project’s 7th annual Harvest Festival on Oct. 25, breaking the record for the nonprofit youth project’s signature Native Food Sovereignty event. Held in conjunction with the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe’s Indian Child Welfare program and open free to the public, the Harvest Festival provided Halloween-themed youth activities, a hayride, and a homemade meal featuring fresh, organically grown produce from the 2.5-acre Winyan Toka Win (Leading Lady) Garden.

The highlight was the hearty dinner buffet at CRYP’s Cokata Wiconi (Center of Life), which included buffalo pot roast and turkey, mixed salad, butternut squash apple bisque, roasted and sautéed squash and beets, mashed potato squash, and dinner rolls. Youth Programs Assistant Anthony Potter was in charge of the kitchen, and he guided the Native Food Sovereignty teen interns through the entire process.

“We wanted our interns to see the end result of all the hard work they put into harvesting and processing during this growing season,” Potter said. “I worked with them the day before and the day of the Harvest Festival, showing them how to prepare and use all the ingredients. They also helped serve the food to our community, and we recognized them during a special presentation.”

A crowd of 230-plus community members gathered on Oct. 25 for the Cheyenne River Youth Project’s 7th annual Harvest Festival dinner.

Native Food Sovereignty is one of CRYP’s core initiatives. And, according to Potter, it’s a vital one for the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation community — and for native communities across the country.

“First, we live in a food desert, so it’s both challenging and expensive to purchase fresh fruits and vegetables, especially if you want buy organic,” he explained. “If each household planted a garden, we could provide our whole community with fresh produce for at least part of the year. Second, if we grow our own herbs, vegetables and fruits, we can sell, trade and share with our family members, friends and neighbors, which strengthens our community.

“And third, native people suffer from diabetes and other illnesses in part due to the lack of fresh produce in our diets,” he continued. “If we could flood our community with locally grown fruits and vegetables, we would be able to help fight debilitating diseases and conditions that are related to poor nutrition.”

Last month, Potter and Finance Manager Crystal Lind traveled to Taos, New Mexico, to participate in the Taos Economic Development Center’s Food Sector Opportunity Project. This program is designed to educate participants on the many aspects of starting, operating and financing a food-based business. 

The duo learned about commercializing food products, food microbiology, how to develop a food safety plan, food business basics, permit categorizing and parameters, good manufacturing practices, product labeling requirements, and marketing strategies for packaging, product design and causes. They also earned graduation certificates for successfully completing the program.

“We’re grateful that Anthony and Crystal could have this opportunity,” said Julie Garreau, CRYP’s executive director. “Every time we advance our own education and skills, we enhance our capacity to take our Native Food Sovereignty initiatives to the next level here on Cheyenne River.”

The thriving Winyan Toka Win Garden lies at the heart of CRYP’s Native Food Sovereignty programming. Not only does it provide fresh produce for meals and gifts, it also serves as an outdoor classroom for The Main’s Garden Club, the Native Food Sovereignty Teen Internship, and community classes and workshops — and provides a valuable conduit for connecting with Lakota culture.

“We work hard to incorporate traditional Lakota values and life ways into everything we do, including our Native Food Sovereignty programs and events,” Garreau explained. “We’re dedicated to strengthening the connection our children and families have with their Lakota culture, because that is essential to holistic wellness and a vibrant future for our community.”

To learn more about the Cheyenne River Youth Project and its programs, and for information about making donations and volunteering, call (605) 964-8200 or visit lakotayouth.org. And, to stay up to date on the latest CRYP news and events, follow the youth project on Facebook (/LakotaYouth), Twitter (@LakotaYouth) and Instagram (@lakotayouth and @waniyetuwowapi).

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Navajo Nation First Lady Phefelia Nez Attends First New Mexico Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women Task Force meeting

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 11, 2019 - 12:00am

Navajo Nation First Lady Phefelia Nez during the state of New Mexico’s first Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Task Force meeting on Nov. 8, 2019 in Albuquerque, N.M.

Published November 10, 2019

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M.  On Friday, Navajo Nation First Lady Phefelia Nez attended the state of New Mexico’s first Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Task Force meeting in Albuquerque, N.M. The purpose of the meeting was to define goals, to develop a strategy for understanding the full extent of missing and murdered Indigenous women in the state of New Mexico, and to create a final report that meets the requirements of N.M. House Bill 278.

In March, New Mexico Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham signed N.M. House Bill 278 into law to establish the task force to investigate the epidemic of missing and murdered Indigenous women in the state of New Mexico. The bill also includes an emergency clause, showing the immediate need for a response by the state.

In October, First Lady Nez was appointed by Gov. Lujan Grisham to serve on the task force to assist in conducting a study to determine how to increase state resources for reporting and identifying missing and murdered Indigenous women in the state.

“Throughout Indian Country, we hear far too many stories of families and victims who experience this traumatic epidemic of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. We need to put a stop to it, and it begins with identifying barriers, collecting and analyzing data, and uniting with each other to protect our sacred Indigenous women and children,” said First Lady Nez.

The task force will also collaborate with tribal, state, and federal law enforcement agencies, victims, survivors, grassroots organizations, health services, women shelters, and many others to determine the scope of the problem, identify barriers to address the problem, and create partnerships to improve the reporting of and the investigation of missing and murdered Indigenous women.

“The issue of missing and murdered Indigenous women and children has not only affected families, but it impacts communities. As leaders, we must continue to advocate for safety and justice for Native women. Most importantly, we need to address efforts to restore balance, love, and harmony within Native homes and communities,” added First Lady Nez.

The task force is responsible for submitting a report of its findings and recommendations to Gov. Lujan Grisham and present it to the appropriate interim legislative committee before Nov. 1, 2020.

New Mexico Indian Affairs Department Secretary Lynn Trujillo will chair the task force along with New Mexico Department of Public Safety Secretary Mark Shea, and Kathy Howkumi of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Office of Justice Services.

The other members appointed by Gov. Grisham include:

·      Beata Tsosie, Pueblo representative

·      Sharnen Velarde, Jicarilla Apache Nation representative

·      Bernalyn Via, Mescalero Apache Tribe representative

·      First Lady Phefelia Nez, Navajo Nation representative

·      Mathew Strand, representative of a statewide or local non-governmental organization that provides legal services to Indigenous women

·      Linda Son-Stone, representative of an Indigenous women’s non-governmental organization that provides counseling services to Indigenous women

·      Elizabeth Gonzales, representative of the Office of the Medical Investigator

·      Becky Jo Johnson, an Indigenous woman who is a survivor of violence or who has lost a loved one to violence

The Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Task Force will meet monthly until the completion of the report. For more information regarding House Bill 278, please visit: https://nmlegis.gov/Sessions/19%20Regular/final/HB0278.pdf.

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How Does Temperature Stand As A Major Concern For Vaping E-Juices?

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 11, 2019 - 12:00am

Published November 10, 2019

It’s no joke to vape at high temperatures, anyone who has experienced the same can tell the true tales about how one feels like when they happen to confront a dry hit. It can even bring tears to the eyes. Thus arises a need for temperature-controlled vaping.

Working of Temperature Control

Temperature control of Blazed vapes works on the principle of the thermal coefficient. The thermal coefficient of different materials can cause a hike or decline in the resistance of the material based on its temperature. By knowing the resistance equation, the coil temperature can be estimated. 

The temperature is accordingly adjusted following the readings. Further, the output is released as per the value that the coils can bear. The ideal temperature for vaping e-juices lies between 390F and 480F or between 200C and 250C. Usually, Titanium, Nickel and Stainless steel are used for TC vaping devices out of which stainless steel finds widespread usage in devising the vapes, as it adds on extra safety quotient.

Why Temperature Factor Is Vital In Vapes

There are pretty good reasons for the inclusion of temperature control factors in vapes. Here are a few reasons that will make you believe that TC vapes are for good:

Taste matters

Vaping at higher temperatures can give a burnt and charred taste that is not probably liked by the users.

On the other hand, vaping at extremely lower temperatures will give out weak hits and may not strike your taste goblets as you may expect it to. Temperature control stands to be necessary to give savouriness to your taste bud instincts. An optimum temperature that is neither too high nor too low stands to be an ideal temperature to enjoy a quick vaping session.

TC vapes prevent side effects

Vaping above the recommended temperatures can cause certain side effects, and thus an optimum temperature needs to be maintained. High temperature vaping can result in adverse health conditions. Therefore, it is advised that you satisfy your vaping cravings within a specified temperature limit making use of TC vapes.

Conservation of vaping liquids

Vaping at feasible temperatures can save vaping flavor wastage. If a person is habitual of vaping at very high temperatures, then the mediums are consumed at a faster rate in comparison to the amount consumed when vaped at practical temperature limits. 

These concentrates do not come for cheap and are expensive enough to afford at a frequent pace. Efficient usage of vaping liquid is essential if you do not want to cause a strain on your pockets owing to your vaping habits. Hence it is suggested to make use of TC vapes to maximize the effectiveness of the vapes and to make the concentrates last longer.

So by now, you must have got an idea as to why ideal temperature needs to be maintained while TC vaping and how TC vaping is effective. So if you are thinking of parting ways with regular vapes to adopt temperature-controlled vapes, find the best vapes suiting your needs to let your taste buds thank you later.

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Bearskin Lake First Nation declares state of emergency due to flooding threat

CBC ABORIGINAL NEWS - November 10, 2019 - 8:14pm
Bearskin Lake First Nation

Bearskin Lake First Nation declared a state of emergency Sunday due to a flooding threat, according to a statement from Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN).

Categories: CANADA

San Carlos Apache Nation to Restrict Per Capita Payments to Tribal Citizens Arrested and Convicted of Violent Crimes

NATIVE NEWS ONLINE - November 10, 2019 - 7:25pm

Published November 19, 2019

SAN CARLOS APACHE RESERVATION — Citing the rise of violent crimes on its reservation, the San Carlos Apache Tribe announced it will restrict per capita payments and other benefits to its tribal citizens arrested and convicted of viloent crimes.

In news release distributed last week, San Carlos Apache Chairman Terry Rambler writes:

“Violence has been on the rise on our Reservation. Apache on Apache violence is deeply troubling. Instead of joining together in unity and working together for the betterment of our Tribe, there are those among us who seek to use senseless violence to achieve what they want. Muggings, home invasions, domestic violence, gang conflicts-these are not the Apache way, these are features of non-Indian societies. These perpetrators of violence cause enormous financial and psychological burdens for victims. The Council’s wise decision to restrict per capita payments and other benefits hopefully will give someone pause before they decide to hurt another Apache; hopefully lives may be saved; and hopefully peace may be restored in our communities.






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